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phytoplankton ecophysiology, harmful algal blooms, dinoflagellate resting cysts, phenology, and Bio-optical sensors


I am a Delta Science Fellow and a Postdoctoral Investigator at the University of California, Santa Cruz working with Dr. Raphael Kudela. My work investigates the physical, chemical, and biological factors that can promote development of harmful algal blooms (HABs) in Monterey Bay and the San Francisco Bay. A key aspect of this work is use of an Imaging FlowCytobot (IFCB), an in-situ automated submersible flow cytometer that generates high-resolution images of particles in-flow taken from the aquatic environment. The optical and image data are then transmitted to shore in real time, and a machine learning classifier is used to identify particles as different species of phytoplankton (much like facial recognition). This high-temporal resolution phytoplankton time-series is paired with targeted laboratory experiments to investigate drivers of bloom development under scenarios of short- and long-term change.

Another research area is dormancy cycling in resting cysts of Alexandrium catenella, a HAB dinoflagellate that causes paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP). These cysts use environmental temperature to sync their dormancy-cycling to ensure that germination, and therefore bloom formation, only occurs during seasons that are favorable to the formation of large blooms. I am interested in understanding the plasticity of this species' temperature response to different annual temperature regimes (e.g. temperate, polar), including those due to climate change. 




Under Santa Cruz Wharf, a robot watches for algal blooms

(2018) by Erika A. Carlson, Santa Cruz Sentinel


(2018) by Katrina Hunter, UC Santa Cruz ScienceNotes. Biologists want to predict outbreaks of harmful algae in the ocean before they happen to help make the seafood supply safer.


"Ready, Set, Bloom! Red Tides at Cape Cod National Seashore" (2016) is one of the 12-part webisode series Outside Science (inside parks) which focuses on science in the National Parks. In collaboration with Colorado State University, the National Park Service releases a new episode each month in 2016 that highlights the many ways young people are getting involved. 

Filmed and edited by Weston Dockter.



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Postdoctoral Investigator, University of California, Santa Cruz:

Guest Investigator, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution: